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Installation of Seafile Server Community Edition with MySQL/MariaDB

This manual explains how to deploy and run Seafile Server Community Edition (Seafile CE) on a Linux server from a pre-built package using MySQL/MariaDB as database. The deployment has been tested for Debian/Ubuntu and CentOS, but Seafile should also work on other Linux distributions.

Tip: If you have little experience with Seafile Server, we recommend that you use an installation script for deploying Seafile.

Requirements

Seafile CE for x86 architecture requires a minimum of 2 cores and 2GB RAM.

There is a community-supported package for the installation on Raspberry Pi.

Setup

Installing and preparing the SQL database

Seafile supports MySQL and MariaDB. We recommend that you use the preferred SQL database management engine included in the package repositories of your distribution. This means:

  • CentOS and Debian: MariaDB
  • Ubuntu: MySQL

You can find step-by-step how-tos for installing MySQL and MariaDB in the tutorials on the Digital Ocean website.

Seafile uses the mysql_native_password plugin for authentication. The versions of MySQL and MariaDB installed on CentOS 8, Debian 10, and Ubuntu 20.04 use a different authentication plugin by default. It is therefore required to change to authentication plugin to mysql_native_password for the root user prior to the installation of Seafile. The above mentioned tutorials explain how to do it.

Installing prerequisites

Seafile prior to and including Seafile 7.0 use Python 2. More recent versions rely on Python 3.

For Seafile 7.0.x

# Ubuntu 16.04
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python2.7 python-setuptools python-mysqldb python-urllib3 python-ldap -y
# CentOS 7
sudo yum install python python-setuptools MySQL-python python-urllib3 python-ldap -y

For Seafile 7.1.x

# Debian 10/Ubuntu 18.04
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.3.8 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap
# Ubuntu 20.04
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip memcached libmemcached-dev -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.3.8 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap
# CentOS 8
sudo yum install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.3.8 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap

For Seafile 8.0.x

# Debian 10
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip default-libmysqlclient-dev -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.4.3 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap mysqlclient
# Ubuntu 18.04
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.4.3 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap
# Ubuntu 20.04
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip libmysqlclient-dev memcached libmemcached-dev -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.4.3 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap mysqlclient
# CentOS 8
sudo yum install python3 python3-setuptools python3-pip python3-devel mysql-devel gcc -y

sudo pip3 install --timeout=3600 Pillow pylibmc captcha jinja2 sqlalchemy==1.4.3 \
    django-pylibmc django-simple-captcha python3-ldap mysqlclient

Creating the programm directory

The standard directory for Seafile's program files is /opt/seafile. Create this directory and change into it:

mkdir /opt/seafile
cd /opt/seafile

The program directory can be changed. The standard directory /opt/seafile is assumed for the rest of this manual. If you decide to put Seafile in another directory, modify the commands accordingly.

Creating user seafile

It is good practice not to run applications as root.

Create a new user and follow the instructions on the screen:

adduser seafile

Change ownership of the created directory to the new user:

chown -R seafile: /opt/seafile

All the following steps are done as user seafile.

Change to user seafile:

su seafile

Downloading the install package

Download the install package from the download page on Seafile's website using wget.

We use Seafile CE version 8.0.4 as an example in the rest of this manual.

Uncompressing the package

The install package is downloaded as a compressed tarball which needs to be uncompressed.

Uncompress the package using tar:

tar xf seafile-server_8.0.4_x86-64.tar.gz

Now you have:

$ tree -L 2
.
├── seafile-server-8.0.4
│   ├── check_init_admin.py
│   ├── reset-admin.sh
│   ├── runtime
│   ├── seaf-fsck.sh
│   ├── seaf-fuse.sh
│   ├── seaf-gc.sh
│   ├── seafile
│   ├── seafile.sh
│   ├── seahub
│   ├── seahub.sh
│   ├── setup-seafile-mysql.py
│   ├── setup-seafile-mysql.sh
│   ├── setup-seafile.sh
│   ├── sql
│   └── upgrade
└── seafile-server_8.0.4_x86-64.tar.gz

Setting up Seafile CE

The install package comes with a script that sets Seafile up for you. Specifically, the script creates the required directories and extracts all files in the right place. It can also create a MySQL user and the three databases that Seafile's components require :

  • ccnet server
  • seafile server
  • seahub

Note: While ccnet server was merged into the seafile-server in Seafile 8.0, the corresponding database is still required for the time being.

Run the script as user seafile:

cd seafile-server-8.0.4
./setup-seafile-mysql.sh

Configure your Seafile Server by specifying the following three parameters:

Option Description Note
server name Name of the Seafile Server 3-15 characters, only English letters, digits and underscore ('_') are allowed
server's ip or domain IP address or domain name used by the Seafile Server Seafile client program will access the server using this address
fileserver port TCP port used by the Seafile fileserver Default port is 8082, it is recommended to use this port and to only change it if is used by other service

In the next step, choose whether to create new databases for Seafile or to use existing databases. The creation of new databases requires the root password for the SQL server.

grafik

When choosing "[1] Create new ccnet/seafile/seahub databases", the script creates these databases and a MySQL user that Seafile Server will use to access them. To this effect, you need to answer these questions:

Question Description Note
mysql server host Host address of the MySQL server Default is localhost
mysql server port TCP port used by the MySQL server Default port is 3306; almost every MySQL server uses this port
mysql root password Password of the MySQL root account The root password is required to create new databases and a MySQL user
mysql user for Seafile MySQL user created by the script, used by Seafile's components to access the databases Default is seafile; the user is created unless it exists
mysql password for Seafile user Password for the user above, written in Seafile's config files Percent sign ('%') is not allowed
database name Name of the database used by ccnet Default is "ccnet-db", the database is created if it does not exist
seafile database name Name of the database used by Seafile Default is "seafile-db", the database is created if it does not exist
seahub database name Name of the database used by seahub Default is "seahub-db", the database is created if it does not exist

When choosing "[2] Use existing ccnet/seafile/seahub databases", this are the prompts you need to answer:

Question Description Note
mysql server host Host address of the MySQL server Default is localhost
mysql server port TCP port used by MySQL server Default port is 3306; almost every MySQL server uses this port
mysql user for Seafile User used by Seafile's components to access the databases The user must exists
mysql password for Seafile user Password for the user above
ccnet database name Name of the database used by ccnet, default is "ccnet-db" The database must exist
seafile database name Name of the database used by Seafile, default is "seafile-db" The database must exist
seahub dabase name Name of the database used by Seahub, default is "seahub-db" The database must exist

If the setup is successful, you see the following output:

grafik

The directory layout then looks as follows:

$ tree /opt/seafile -L 2
seafile
├── ccnet
├── conf
│   └── ccnet.conf
│   └── gunicorn.conf.py
│   └── seafdav.conf
│   └── seafile.conf
│   └── seahub_settings.py
├── seafile-data
│   └── library-template
├── seafile-server-8.0.4
│   └── check_init_admin.py
│   ├── reset-admin.sh
│   ├── runtime
│   └── seaf-fsck.sh
│   └── seaf-gc.sh
│   ├── seafile
│   ├── seafile.sh
│   ├── seahub
│   ├── seahub.sh
│   └── setup-seafile-mysql.py
│   ├── setup-seafile-mysql.sh
│   └── sql
│   └── upgrade
├── seafile-server-latest -> seafile-server-8.0.6
├── seahub-data
│   └── avatars

The folder seafile-server-latest is a symbolic link to the current Seafile Server folder. When later you upgrade to a new version, the upgrade scripts update this link to point to the latest Seafile Server folder.

Note: If you don't have the root password, you need someone who has the privileges, e.g., the database admin, to create the three databases required by Seafile, as well as a MySQL user who can access the databases. For example, to create three databases ccnet_db / seafile_db / seahub_db for ccnet/seafile/seahub respectively, and a MySQL user "seafile" to access these databases run the following SQL queries:

create database `ccnet_db` character set = 'utf8';
create database `seafile_db` character set = 'utf8';
create database `seahub_db` character set = 'utf8';

create user 'seafile'@'localhost' identified by 'seafile';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `ccnet_db`.* to `seafile`@localhost;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `seafile_db`.* to `seafile`@localhost;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `seahub_db`.* to `seafile`@localhost;

Tweaking conf files

Seafile's config files as created by the setup script are prepared for Seafile running behind a reverse proxy.

To access Seafile's web interface and to create working sharing links without a reverse proxy, you need to modify two configuration files in /opt/seafile/conf:

  • ccnet.conf: Add port 8000 to the SERVICE_URL (i.e., SERVICE_URL = http://1.2.3.4:8000/)
  • gunicorn.conf.py: Change the bind to "0.0.0.0:8000" (i.e., bind = "0.0.0.0:8000")

Starting Seafile Server

Run the following commands in /opt/seafile-server-latest:

./seafile.sh start # starts seaf-server
./seahub.sh start  # starts seahub

The first time you start Seahub, the script prompts you to create an admin account for your Seafile Server. Enter the email address of the admin user followed by the password.

Now you can access Seafile via the web interface at the host address and port 8000 (e.g., http://1.2.3.4:8000)

Note: On CentOS, the firewall blocks traffic on port 8000 by default.

Running Seahub on another port

If you want to run Seahub on a port other than the default 8000, say 8001, you must modify the conf/gunicorn.conf:

# default localhost:8000
bind = "0.0.0.0:8001"

Then restart the services:

./seafile.sh restart    # restarts seaf-server
./seahub.sh restart     # restarts seahub

Troubleshooting

If seafile.sh and/or seahub.sh fail to run successfully, use pgrep to check if seafile/seahub processes are still running:

pgrep -f seafile-controller # checks seafile processes
pgrep -f "seahub" # checks seahub process

Use pkill to kill the processes:

pkill -f seafile-controller
pkill -f "seahub"

Stopping and Restarting Seafile and Seahub

Stopping

./seahub.sh stop    # stops seahub
./seafile.sh stop   # stops seaf-server

Restarting

./seafile.sh restart
./seahub.sh restart

Enabling HTTPS

It is strongly recommended to switch from unencrypted HTTP (via port 8000) to encrypted HTTPS (via port 443).

This manual provides instructions for enabling HTTPS for the two most popular web servers and reverse proxies:

Managing a NAT

If you run your Seafile Server in a LAN behind a NAT (i.e., a router provided by your ISP), consult Installation behind NAT to make your Seafile Server accessible over the internet.

Performance tuning

If you have more than 50 users, we highly recommand you to add memcached. This is going to greatly speed up Seahub (the web frontend).