Deploy in a cluster
Update: Since Seafile Pro server 6.0.0, cluster deployment requires "sticky session" settings in the load balancer. Otherwise sometimes folder download on the web UI can't work properly. Read the "Load Balancer Setting" section below for details.
The Seafile cluster solution employs a 3-tier architecture:
- Load balancer tier: Distribute incoming traffic to Seafile servers. HA can be achieved by deploying multiple load balancer instances.
- Seafile server cluster: a cluster of Seafile server instances. If one instance fails, the load balancer will stop handing traffic to it. So HA is achieved.
- Backend storage: Distributed storage cluster, e.g. S3, Openstack Swift or Ceph.
This architecture scales horizontally. That means, you can handle more traffic by adding more machines. The architecture is visualized in the following picture.
There are two main components on the Seafile server node: web server (Nginx/Apache) and Seafile app server. The web server passes requests from the clients to Seafile app server. The Seafile app servers work independently. They don't know about each other's state. That means each app server can fail independently without affecting other app server instances. The load balancer is responsible for detecting failure and re-routing requests.
Even though Seafile app servers work independently, they still have to share some session information. All shared session information is stored in memcached. Thus, all Seafile app servers have to connect to the same memcached server (cluster). More details about memcached configuration is available later.
The background server is the workhorse for various background tasks, including full-text indexing, office file preview, virus scanning, LDAP syncing. It should usually be run on a dedicated server for better performance. Currently only one background task server can be running in the entire cluster. If more than one background servers are running, they may conflict with each others when doing some tasks. If you need HA for background task server, you can consider using Keepalived to build a hot backup for it. More details can be found in background server setup.
All Seafile app servers access the same set of user data. The user data has two parts: One in the MySQL database and the other one in the backend storage cluster (S3, Ceph etc.). All app servers serve the data equally to the clients.
All app servers have to connect to the same database or database cluster. We recommend to use MariaDB Galera Cluster if you need a database cluster.
There are a few steps to deploy a Seafile cluster:
- Prepare hardware, operating systems, memcached and database
- Setup a single Seafile server node
- Copy the deployment to other Seafile nodes
- Setup Nginx/Apache and firewall rules
- Setup load balancer
- Setup backgroup task node
Hardware, Database, Memcached
At least 3 Linux server with at least 4GB RAM. Two servers work as frontend servers, while one server works as background task server.
In small cluster, you can re-use the 3 Seafile servers to run memcached cluster and MariaDB cluster. For larger clusters, you can have 3 more dedicated server to run memcached cluster and MariaDB cluster. Because the load on these two clusters are not high, they can share the hardware to save cost. Documentation about how to setup memcached cluster and MariaDB cluster can be found here
Install Python libraries
On each mode, you need to install some python libraries.
First make sure your have installed Python 2.7, then:
sudo easy_install pip sudo pip install boto
If you receive an error stating "Wheel installs require setuptools >= ...", run this between the pip and boto lines above
sudo pip install setuptools --no-use-wheel --upgrade
You should make sure the config files on every Seafile server are consistent.
Get the license
Put the license you get under the top level diretory. In our wiki, we use the diretory
/data/haiwen/ as the top level directory.
Download/Uncompress Seafile Professional Server
tar xf seafile-pro-server_6.1.3_x86-64.tar.gz
Now you have:
haiwen ├── seafile-license.txt └── seafile-pro-server-6.1.3/
Please follow Download and Setup Seafile Professional Server With MySQL to setup a single Seafile server node.
Note: Use the load balancer's address or domain name for the server address. Don't use the local IP address of each Seafile server machine. This assures the user will always access your service via the load balancers.
After the setup process is done, you still have to do a few manual changes to the config files.
You have to add the following configuration to
[cluster] enabled = true memcached_options = --SERVER=192.168.1.134 --POOL-MIN=10 --POOL-MAX=100
If you have a memcached cluster, you need to specify all the memcached server addresses in seafile.conf. The format is
[cluster] enabled = true memcached_options = --SERVER=192.168.1.134 --SERVER=192.168.1.135 --SERVER=192.168.1.136 --POOL-MIN=10 --POOL-MAX=100 --RETRY-TIMEOUT=3600
Notice that there is a
--RETRY-TIMEOUT=3600 option in the above config. This option is important for dealing with memcached server failures. After a memcached server in the cluster fails, Seafile server will stop trying to use it for "RETRY-TIMEOUT" (in seconds). You should set this timeout to relatively long time, to prevent Seafile from retrying the failed server frequently, which may lead to frequent request errors for the clients.
(Optional) The Seafile server also opens a port for the load balancers to run health checks. Seafile by default uses port 11001. You can change this by adding the following config option to
[cluster] health_check_port = 12345
You must setup and use memcached when deploying Seafile cluster. Refer to "add memcached" to use memcached in Seahub.
Also add following options to seahub_setting.py. These settings tell Seahub to store avatar in database and cache avatar in memcached, and store css CACHE to local memory.
AVATAR_FILE_STORAGE = 'seahub.base.database_storage.DatabaseStorage' COMPRESS_CACHE_BACKEND = 'django.core.cache.backends.locmem.LocMemCache'
COMPRESS_CACHE_BACKEND is needed because the CSS file is created on the fly when any user first visit any page after a new Seafile version being deployed. The CSS file is saved to local disk and the path of the file is saved to cache. If
COMPRESS_CACHE_BACKEND is not set to use LocMemCache, after one machine in a cluster generating the CSS file, another machine will not generate the file again, which will cause CSS file not found problem in this second machine.
Add following to
seafevents.conf to disable file indexing service on the local server. The file indexing service should be started on a dedicated background server.
[INDEX FILES] external_es_server = true
Here is an example
[INDEX FILES] section:
[INDEX FILES] enabled = true interval = 10m index_office_pdf = true external_es_server = true es_host = background.seafile.com es_port = 9500
enable = true should be left unchanged.
Update Seahub Database
In cluster environment, we have to store avatars in the database instead of in a local disk.
CREATE TABLE `avatar_uploaded` (`filename` TEXT NOT NULL, `filename_md5` CHAR(32) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, `data` MEDIUMTEXT NOT NULL, `size` INTEGER NOT NULL, `mtime` datetime NOT NULL);
Backend Storage Settings
You also need to add the settings for backend cloud storage systems to the config files.
- For NFS: Setup Seafile cluster with NFS
- For S3: Setup With Amazon S3
- For OpenStack Swift: Setup With OpenStackSwift
- For Ceph: Setup With Ceph
Run and Test the Single Node
Once you have finished configuring this single node, start it to test if it runs properly:
cd /data/haiwen/seafile-server-latest ./seafile.sh start ./seahub.sh start
Note: The first time you start seahub, the script would prompt you to create an admin account for your Seafile server.
Open your browser, visit http://ip-address-of-this-node:8000 and login with the admin account.
Now you have one node working fine, let's continue to configure more nodes.
Copy the config to all Seafile servers
Supposed your Seafile installation directory is
/data/haiwen, compress this whole directory into a tarball and copy the tarball to all other Seafile server machines. You can simply uncompress the tarball and use it.
On each node, run
./seahub.sh to start Seafile server.
Setup Nginx/Apache and Https
You'll usually want to use Nginx/Apache and https for web access. You need to set it up on each machine running Seafile server. Make sure the certificate on all the servers are the same.
- For Nginx:
- For Apache:
Start Seafile Service on boot
It would be convenient to setup Seafile service to start on system boot. Follow this documentation to set it up on all nodes.
Beside standard ports of a seafile server, there are 2 firewall rule changes for Seafile cluster:
- On each Seafile server machine, you should open the health check port (default 11001);
- On the memcached server, you should open the port 11211. For security resons only the Seafile servers should be allowed to access this port.
Now that your cluster is already running, fire up the load balancer and welcome your users. Since version 6.0.0, Seafile Pro requires "sticky session" settings in the load balancer. You should refer to the manual of your load balancer for how to set up sticky sessions.
AWS Elastic Load Balancer (ELB)
In the AWS ELB management console, after you've added the Seafile server instances to the instance list, you should do two more configurations.
First you should setup HTTP(S) listeners. Ports 443 and 80 of ELB should be forwarded to the ports 80 or 443 of the Seafile servers.
Then you setup health check
Refer to AWS documentation about how to setup sticky sessions.
This is a sample
(Assume your health check port is
global log 127.0.0.1 local1 notice maxconn 4096 user haproxy group haproxy defaults log global mode http retries 3 maxconn 2000 timeout connect 10000 timeout client 300000 timeout server 300000 listen seafile 0.0.0.0:80 mode http option httplog option dontlognull option forwardfor cookie SERVERID insert indirect nocache server seafileserver01 192.168.1.165:80 check port 11001 cookie seafileserver01 server seafileserver02 192.168.1.200:80 check port 11001 cookie seafileserver02
See how it runs
Now you should be able to test your cluster. Open https://seafile.example.com in your browser and enjoy. You can also synchronize files with Seafile clients.
If the above works, the next step would be Enable search and background tasks in a cluster.